Cannabinoids themselves were first purified from cannabis plants in the 1940s. The structure of the main active ingredient of cannabis plants – delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – was discovered in the 60s. It wasn’t until the late 1980s that researchers found the first cannabinoid receptor, followed shortly by the discovery that we create cannabinoid-like chemicals within our own bodies, known as endocannabinoids.
Over the past couple of decades scientists have found that endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors are involved in a vast array of functions in our bodies, including helping to control brain and nerve activity (including memory and pain), energy metabolism, heart function, the immune system and even reproduction. Because of this molecular multitasking, they’re implicated in a huge range of illnesses, from cancer to neurodegenerative diseases.
The potential benefits of medicinal Cannabis for people who suffer from certain medical conditions include antiemetic effects, appetite stimulation, pain relief, and improved sleep.
|Cannabinoid Ability||Medical Terms||THC||CBD||CBG||CBN||CBC||THCv||CBGa||CGCa||CBCa||THCa||CBDa|
|Kills or slows bacteria growth||Anti-bacterial||*||*||*|
|Reduces blood sugar levels||Anti-diabetic||*|
|Reduces vomiting and nausea||Anti-emetic||*||*|
|Reduces seizures and convulsion||Anti-epileptic||*||*|
|Treats fungal infection||Anti-fungal||*|
|Reduces risk of artery blockage||Anti-proliferative||*|
|Inhibits cell growth in tumors/cancer cells||Anti-proliferative||*||*||*||*||*|
|Tranquilizing/used to manage psychosis||Anti-psychotic||*|
|Stimulates appetite||Appetite stimulant||*|
|Promotes bone growth||Bone stimulant||*||*||*||*|
|Modulates function in the immune system||Immunosuppressive||*|
|Reduces contraction in the small intestines||Intestinal anti-prokinetic||*|
|Protects nervous system degeneration||Neuroprotective||*|
|Suppresses muscle spasms||Anti-spasmotic||*||*||*||*|